Day 20: U.S. Constitution
Amendments to the Constitution
Passed by Congress February 20, 1933. Ratified December 5, 1933.
The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.
The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or Possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Passed by Congress March 21, 1947. Ratified February 27, 1951.
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.
1) Did the removal of prohibition laws make drinking alcohol legal?
2) Did states have prohibition laws?
3) What president served in office longer than 2 terms?
1) No. It just returned the issue to the states to set their own laws regarding alcohol distribution and consumption. One of the reasons for prohibition in the first place was during WW1, ammunition factories needed alcohol and as a country coming together, people sacrificed under prohibition laws to ensure the military had ammunition. Leaders saw the positive effects of prohibition as communities and families came together and thought that continuing the practice would have continued positive effects. However, it actually led to the rise of black market criminal distribution.
2) Yes. Clause 2 above prohibited states from transporting alcohol to another state with prohibition laws.
3) Franklin D. Roosevelt during WW2 served into his 4th term and died in office. George Washington thought it not wise to serve more than 2 terms in office and create a precedent that looked more like a king (which we had just divorced ourselves from). Future presidents, even popular ones who could have been elected to a 3rd term, opted to retire after 2 terms due to Washington’s example. Then during WW2, FDR broke tradition and got elected to a 3rd and 4th term. After he passed away, congress passed laws preventing anyone from serving more than 2 terms as president.
(Featured Image by W. Scott McGill @123rf.com)